Summer chum abundance is approaching recovery goals in both the Hood Canal and Strait of Juan de Fuca populations.
Summer chum spawn in the lower 1-2 miles of their home rivers, making river estuaries important nurseries for young fish and the focus of restoration efforts in this region.
Revised fishing regulations, habitat protection and restoration, and land-use practices that ensure habitat is high quality and will remain in place as conditions change are needed to ensure summer chum salmon populations are robust and resilient.
Progress and Challenges
- Spatial diversity (where and when summer chum migrate and spawn) and abundance and productivity of summer chum populations are improving, meaning the core populations are strong with a multitude of robust sub-populations contributing.
- Protection and restoration actions have increased the quantity and quality of habitat across Hood Canal and the eastern Strait of Juan de Fuca.
- A comprehensive understanding of climate change impacts and habitat improvements is allowing for focused approaches to address outstanding issues.
- Ensuring spatial diversity and structure of summer chum salmon populations
- Assessing threats to salmon to see where we are in recovery and where we need to be and then focusing actions to build on quality habitat and provide resiliency
- Mitigating impacts of the Hood Canal Floating Bridge.
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About the Region
Hood Canal is a glacier-carved fjord more than 60 miles long, which forms the westernmost edge of Puget Sound. The canal is home to a unique species of salmon called Hood Canal summer chum salmon. These chum are one of four species of salmon and trout in Hood Canal listed as threatened under the federal Endangered Species Act. The Hood Canal Coordinating Council’s summer chum salmon recovery plan was adopted by the federal government in 2007. The plan takes a comprehensive approach that provides for quality habitat and engages a variety of partners to focus on fixing the places where salmon and people live.