Salmon and Salmon Recovery Glossary
Many of the words used to describe salmon habitat, biology, and the structure of salmon recovery can be confusing. This section is dedicated to defining terms that are often questioned by readers.
In the context of salmon recovery, abundance refers to the number of adult fish returning to spawn (either total number of fish spawning naturally, or number of wild-born fish spawning naturally), and is one key piece of information that National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) uses to evaluate salmon recovery status.
Adaptive management in salmon recovery planning is a method of decision-making in the face of uncertainty. A plan for monitoring, evaluation, and feedback is incorporated into an overall implementation plan so that the results of actions can become feedback on design and implementation of future actions.
Species that are hatched in freshwater, migrate to and mature in salt-water, and return to freshwater to spawn.
The practice of protecting shorelines from erosion using physical structures, such as concrete bulkheads or large boulders.
Salmon recovery in Washington State is managed cooperatively in a unique government-to-government relationship. One government is the State of Washington. The other governments are Indian tribes whose rights were established in treaties signed with the federal government in the 1850s. In those treaties, the tribes agreed to allow the peaceful settlement of much of western Washington, and provided the land to do so, in exchange for their continued right to fish, gather shellfish,