1Of the 74 populations of wild salmon, steelhead, and bull trout, 8 are meeting their recovery goals.
2More than 80 lower Columbia River partners are working together to recover salmon, steelhead, and bull trout in this region.
3The presence of hydropower dams in key tributaries and the Columbia River make salmon recovery especially expensive and challenging in this region.
Extending from the mouth of the Columbia River at the ocean upstream to, and including, the White Salmon River, our region includes 18 major watersheds and the estuary. It is home to more fish listed under the federal Endangered Species Act than any other region in Washington – 5 species comprised of 74 distinct populations – representing 60 percent of listed Columbia River salmon, steelhead, and bull trout populations. All fish in the Columbia basin travel through our region on their way to spawn upstream, and young salmon stop here to grow before heading to the ocean.
There are 8 major tributary dams, 1 Columbia River dam, more than 20 hatcheries, and many important tribal, sport, and commercial fisheries here, which make salmon recovery efforts especially complex. The recovery plan for our region is intended to restore listed fish to healthy, harvestable levels. To reach this goal, the plan addresses the full life cycle of fish, and provides a comprehensive roadmap for reducing limiting factors affecting recovery.